Dysfunctional Psychology Empirical Studies





First Period

Anxiety Disorders

Allen- Brady- Efficacy and Safety of Sertraline on PTSD
The purpose of this study was to see if Sertraline was an effective treatment of PTSD

Kayla - Adam J. Mrdjenovich & Gary H. Bishof - Obsessive-Compulsive Complaints and Academic Performance in College Students
This study shows how OCD in college students affect their academic achievement.

Impulse-Control Disorder

Marc- Eric Hollander- Short-Term Single-Blind Fluvoxamine Treatment of Pathological Gambling
This study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluvoxamine in the gambler.

Mood Disorders

Christian - Lam - Relapse Prevention in Patients Bipolar Disorder: Cognitive Therapy Outcome After 2 Years
This study shows that a combination of mood-stabilizing medicine and cognitive therapy is more effective than the medication alone in treating Bipolar I.

Courtney- Relapse of Major Depression During Pregnancy in Women Who Maintain or Discontinue Antidepressant Treatment. nObstetrics
This study shows the effect of antidepressants on those suffering from post partum depression.

Ragel- Ohio State University: How Religion Increases Depression in Teens
This study correlates religion with teen depression using teens from different demographics.


Jasmine- The OCD Collaborative Genetics Study: Methods and Sample Description
The OCD Collaborative Genetics Study (OCGS) is a six-site collaborative genetic linkage study of OCD

Personality Disorders

Kavin. Eric Russ, Jonathan Shedler, Rebekah Bradley, and Drew Westen. Refining the Construct of Narcissistic Personality Disorder.
This study provides an empirically valid and clinically rich portrait of narcissistic personality disorder and to identify subtypes of the disorder.

Tevin. Joshua D. Miller, Ph.D. and W. Keith Campbell, Ph.D.-Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Relations with distress and functional impairment
This study sets out to determine if Narcissistic Personality disorder is valid as a member of the DSM-IV definition of personality disorders.

Angela. Adrian Raine - Violent Behavior Linked to Brain Abnormalities
Study of 21 men with Antisocial Personality Disorder found less gray matter in the brain.

Substance-Related Disorders

Claire. Waldron- Alcohol dependence and reproductive onset: findings in two Australian twin cohorts.
This study examines the relationship between lifetime history of alcohol dependence (AD) and timing of first childbirth across reproductive development.

Childhood Onset


Brittany - Wilhem and Deckersbach - Habit Reversal Versus Supportive Psychotherapy for Tourette’s Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This study examines the effectiveness of habit reversal therapy as a treatment for Tourette's Disorder in comparison to its alternative traditional cognitive psychotherapy.

Other Psychiatric Disorders


Olivia - Katharine A. Phillips - "The Broken Mirror"
Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is characterized by an obsession with a perceived flaw anywhere on the body. Dr. Katharine A. Philips has conducted numerous studies on BDD, and has now written a book with all of her findings.

Kelsey Rousseau - Barsky AJ, Ahern DK - Cognitive Behavior Ttherapy for Hypochondriasis: a Randomized Controlled Trial.

This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of Cognitive Behvior Therapy along with medication to manage the symptoms of hypochondria.

Tina-- Tantillo, M. (1998). A relational approach to group therapy for women with bulimia nervosa: Moving from understanding to action

Disorders Diagnosed in Childhood

Leeann - Baron-Cohen - Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind”?*
This study aims to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism.

James - Susan Stephenson - ADHD and MONTESSORI A CASE STUDY
this is a study is to talk about ADHD and its apsects.

Dementia

Jessica - Raz Yirmiya - Anti-inflammatory function of Alzheimer's disease drugs
This study shows the effect of a drug reducing inflammation in the brain and how the brain can be saved from degeneration.

Kelsey - Ellen Bialystok, Fergus Craik and Morris Freedman - Bilingualism as a Protection Against the Onset of Symptoms of Dementia
This study examines the link between billingualism and the onset of Dementia, finding that bilingual patients developed Dementia, on average, 4 years later than monolingual participants.



Second Period

Anxiety Disorders

Hersch- Maercker- PTSD Treatment study: randomized controlled trial of motor vehicle accident survivors
This study examines the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) including exposure and cognitve procedures on participants involved in accidents with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Lucas-Smith- Rachel Yehuda, PhD- PTSD Treatment StudyThis study explores the role of primary care physicians for the treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, especially with patients who have experienced multiple traumatic events.

Curcio-Richard G. Heimberg- Social Phobia: Cognitive-Behavioral Treatments
A chapter from Heimberg's book about his research on different types of therapies for those suffering from social phobia.

D. Lee - Grant JE and Kim SW - An open-label study of naltrexone in the treatment of kleptomania.
An open-label drug study examining the efficiency and safety of naltrexone for those diagnosed with kleptomania.

Maggie-Burnam et al.-Specific Phobia- Influence of Cultural FactorsThe study explores the impact of cultural factors on specific phobias, and possible explanations of how they could have been created.

Aryeh - Delgado-Effects of Psilocybin in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder ..The study talks about a certain type of treatment for OCD.

Mood Disorders

Kelly-Tychey-Post-Partum Depression study
This French study investigates the link between the gender of the child and Post-Partum Depression(PPD), by studying the new mothers' "quality of life."

Personality Disorders


Jessica - Implicit and Self-Attributed Dependency Needs in Dependent and Histrionic Personality Disorders
This study shows that histrionic and dependency personality disorder are associated with a high level of dependency needs.

Somatoform Disorders

Morgan - Oosterbaan - An Open Study of Paroxetine in Hypochondriasis
This study detials the use of the drug paroxetine in treating the symptoms of hypochondria.

Sara - Theo K. Bouman, Sako Visser - Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies on Hypochondriacal Patients
This study describes the effects of cognitive and behavioral treatments on hypochondria.

Substance Abuse Disorders

Josh - Ronald M. Kadden, Mark D. Litt, Elise Kabela-Cormier, and Nancy M. Petrya - Abstinence Rates Following Behavioral Treatments for Marijuana Dependence
This study studies the effects of certain treatments on the psychological disoder of Canabis Dependence.

Eating Disorders

Athena - Evelyn Attia & B. Timothy Walsh - Treatment in Psychiatry: Anorexia Nervosa
This study gives reasons for anorexia nervosa, diagnostic features, a case study, and possible treatments for the disorder.

Shakiyla - Walsh and others- Medication and Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Bulimia Nervosa
This is a study showing how medication and psychological treatment has an impact on the treatment for Bulimia Nervosa.

Maia - . Pike, Walsh,Vitousek, Wilson, and Bauer: Cognitive Behavior Therapy in the Posthospitalization Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa
This study evaluates how effective cognitive behavior therapy is for treating women suffering from anorexia.

Dissociative Disorders

Rose -- O'Reilly-Knapp -- From Fragmentation to Wholeness: An Integrative Approach with Clients Who Dissociate
This study discusses psychotheraphy as a viable approach to treating Dissociative Identity Disorder. You need your Questia info.
Hey, Mr. Hanson.

Disorders Diagnosed in Childhood

Gabby - Control of volitional and reflexice saccades in Tourette's syndrome
The study shows how effective therapy can be in supressing tics.

Sarah - Tim Williams- Evaluating Effects of Aromatherapy Massage on Sleep in Children with Autism: A Pilot Study
The study shows the effectiveness of Aromatherapy as a treatment for children with Autism.

Justin - Jensen, Garcia, Glied, and Crowe - Cost-Effectiveness of ADHD Treatments: Findings From the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD
This study analyzes the effectiveness of major treatments for ADHD and and suggests the most cost-efficient solution.

Sleep Disorders

Dalia - Harvey - Developing a Cognitive Therapy for Insomnia
This study shows how effective cognitive therapy is as a treatment for insomnia.



Fifth Period

Anxiety Disorders

Neethu- Walkup and Riddle- Fluvoxamine for the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents
This study explains how anti-depressants can be useful for treating social anxiety disorders in young children and teens.

Elizabeth - Lissek - Elevated Fear Conditioning to Socially Relevant Unconditioned Stimuli in Social Anxiety Disorder
This study shows that anxious behaviors are more often a result of conditioning from previous experiences rather than a natural inclination to these behaviors.

Sofia - Aguiar et al - Efficacy of Venlafaxine Extended-Release Capsules in Nondepressed Outpatients With Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A 6-Month Randomized Controlled Trial
This study shows the long-term effectiveness of using the drug Venlafaxine to treat generalized anxiety disorder.

Morrell - Caster J. B., Inderbitzen H. M., Hope D. - Relationship between youth and parent perceptions of family environment and social anxiety
How youth perceptions about their family's parenting styles affects social anxiety.

Symone - John Burton, M.D., John Hopkins Medicine - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Case Study
90-year-old woman gets raped during a robbery shortly after the death of her husband two years earlier. She develops PTSD and is treated
with both cognitive and biological therapy.

Symone - Lanius, Hopper, and Menon M.D.'s - Individual Differences in a Husband and Wife Who Developed PTSD After a Motor Vehicle Accident: A Functional MRI Case Study
Report describes a husband and wife who develop acute post traumatic stress disorder after being involved in a serious car accident. Their psychophysiological and neurobiological responses turn out to be different b/c of their different subjective responses.

Jeremy - Francisco A. Moreno, MD; Pedro Delgado, MD; Alan J. Gelenberg, MD- Effects of Psilocybin in the Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Evaluates the effects of oral administration of psilocybin, commonly known as "shrooms," on the symptoms of OCD in 10 subjects with the condition.

Jessica Kegu - The association of the gene FKBP5 and childhood abuse with risk of post traumatic stress disorder symptoms in adults
The aim of the study was to determine if in addition to trauma exposure, do other factors such as genetics and environmental factors (child abuse) increase the risk for the development of post traumatic stress disorder in adulthood.

Natecia - Ost and Hugdahl, Phobic Orgins (1981)
Evaluates the effectivness of Watson's threory of phobic reactions being a learned behavior due to specific stimuli is true through the use of surveys in regards to answering the question of the orgins of phobias.

Nicole - Blunk, Russell, & Williams - Pilot Study of Hispanic Mothers and Maternal Separation AnxietyStudy to compare prevalence of separation anxiety in mothers based on demographic factors, including differences in these factors among "Euro-American mothers" and "mothers of primarily Mexican descent".

Dissociative Disorders

Maxwell - Marcia Degun-Mather - The Value of Hypnosis in the Treatment of Chronic PTSD with Dissociative Fugue
This study studies the effectiveness of hypnosis as a technique for treating Dissociative Fugue in conjunction with PTSD in British war veterans

Taylor Johnson - Nuller, Morozova, Kushnir, and Hamper - Effect of Naloxone Therapy on Depersonalization
This study shows the efficacy of the drug Naloxone to treat the symptoms of patients with Depersonalization Disorder.

Mood Disorders


Shahana - Anthony Bateman & Peter Fonagy:Progress in the Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder
This study shows the effectiveness of prior treatments of Borderline Personality Disorder compared to newer treatments.

Ariana - Kimberly Read & Marcia Purse: Research Identifies Problem areas
This study shows the effectiveness of different treatments for Bipolar Disorder compared to Subtance Abuse

Chris - Suicide Attempts Among Patients Starting Depression Treatment With Medication or Therapy
This study shows the efficacy of treating depression with both medication and therapy.

Sleep Disorders

Shelly - Infante and Benca- Pharmacologic Treatment for Insomnia
This study shows the effectiveness of the drug Zolpidem in treating patients with chronic insomnia.

Kim - Jack D. Edinger- Behavioral Therapy As Treatment For Insomnia
This study shows the effectiveness of behavioral therapy in treating chronic insomnia as an alternative to biological aids.

Kim - Andrew D. Krystal- Biological Aid As Treatment For Insomnia
This study is different from Infante and Benca and shows the effectiveness of the extended-release drug Zolpidem in treating chronic insomniacs.

Sarah -Y. Dauvilliers, MD;, J. Montplaisir, MD, PhD;, N. Molinari, PhD;, B. Carlander, MD;, B. Ondze, MD;, A. Besset, PhD and M. Billiard, MD - Age at onset of narcolepsy in two large populations of patients in France and Quebec
This study set out to see when the onset of narcolepsy occurs for most afflicted people.

Eating Disorders


Greg - UD McCann and WS Agras - Successful treatment of nonpurging bulimia nervosa with desipramine: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study
This study shows how medication (desipramine hydrochloride) can effectively treat nonpurging bulimia nervosa.


Diseases First Diagnosed In Childhood

Nick - Michelson et al- Atomoxetine in the Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
This study shows how Atomoxetine can effectively treat ADD and ADHD.

Luis - Maryellen Soriano - A case study done observing the effects of The Listening Program on treating Oppositional Defiance Disorder
This study shows how The Listening Program can effectively treat children diagnosed with ODD

Substance Abuse Disorder


Sharhat - Rita Z. Goldstein, Ph.D., and Nora D. Volkow, M.D. - Drug Addiction and Its Underlying Neurobiological Basis: Neuroimaging Evidence for the Involvement of the Frontal Cortex
This study evaluated the role of frontal cortical structures in drug addiction.


Somataform Disorders

Catherine - Dr. K A Phillips- Body dysmorphic disorder: 30 cases of imagined ugliness
Survey of people who were affected with BDD and how effective the treatment was that they sought.

Natali - Dr. K A Phillips - An Open-Label Study of Escitalopram in Body Dysmorphic Disorder
This study shows the effectiveness of escitalopram, a medication for BDD, in curing the disorder.